Ahaz’s Evil Reign in Judah

William Temple made made biblical worship clear in his masterful definition of worship: “For worship is the submission of all our nature to God. It is the quickening of conscience by His holiness; the nourishment of mind with His truth; the purifying of imagination by His b … More

Substitute

Upon Jotham’s death, his son Ahaz became the king and ruled for 16 years. He was a shocking contrast to his father and ranked with Judah’s wicked kings. He even went so far as to sacrifice his own son as a burnt offering to an idol. This practice was associated with the worship of Moleck, the national god of the Ammonites.

Israel and Syria governed by Rezin and Pekah who had formed a coalition to the north invaded Judah (2 Chron. 28:5-l5). The casualties inflicted upon Judah were heavy with l20,000 killed in one day and 200,000 carried away captive. This was indeed Judah’s darkest hour. Thoroughly frightened Ahaz appealed to Assyria for help. To pay for this assistance, gold was taken from the temple.

Ahaz traveled to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser III. While there he saw an altar he liked very much. He sent Uriah the high priest in Jerusalem a sketch of this altar with instructions for him to build one just like it. When Ahaz returned home he had the bronze altar in the temple moved aside to give a prominent place to the new altar. He then commanded that all regular offerings be made on the new altar. This emphasized two things:

(l) It stood in a prominent place as a symbol of allegiance to Assyria.

(2) It was used as a substitute for worship.

Application

Ahaz allowed the king of Assyria to replace God as Judah’s leader. No one, no matter how attractive or powerful, should substitute God’s leadership in my our life.

II Kings 16:1-20 (English Standard Version)

In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah, Ahaz the son of Jotham, king of Judah, began to reign. Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And he did not do what was right in the eyes of the LORD his God, as his father David had done, but he walked in the way of the kings of Israel. He even burned his son as an offering, according to the despicable practices of the nations whom the LORD drove out before the people of Israel. And he sacrificed and made offerings on the high places and on the hills and under every green tree. Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, came up to wage war on Jerusalem, and they besieged Ahaz but could not conquer him. At that time Rezin the king of Syria recovered Elath for Syria and drove the men of Judah from Elath, and the Edomites came to Elath, where they dwell to this day. So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, "I am your servant and your son. Come up and rescue me from the hand of the king of Syria and from the hand of the king of Israel, who are attacking me." Ahaz also took the silver and gold that was found in the house of the LORD and in the treasures of the king's house and sent a present to the king of Assyria. And the king of Assyria listened to him. The king of Assyria marched up against Damascus and took it, carrying its people captive to Kir, and he killed Rezin. When King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, he saw the altar that was at Damascus. And King Ahaz sent to Uriah the priest a model of the altar, and its pattern, exact in all its details. And Uriah the priest built the altar; in accordance with all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus, so Uriah the priest made it, before King Ahaz arrived from Damascus. And when the king came from Damascus, the king viewed the altar. Then the king drew near to the altar and went up on it and burned his burnt offering and his grain offering and poured his drink offering and threw the blood of his peace offerings on the altar. And the bronze altar that was before the LORD he removed from the front of the house, from the place between his altar and the house of the LORD, and put it on the north side of his altar. And King Ahaz commanded Uriah the priest, saying, "On the great altar burn the morning burnt offering and the evening grain offering and the king's burnt offering and his grain offering, with the burnt offering of all the people of the land, and their grain offering and their drink offering. And throw on it all the blood of the burnt offering and all the blood of the sacrifice, but the bronze altar shall be for me to inquire by." Uriah the priest did all this, as King Ahaz commanded. And King Ahaz cut off the frames of the stands and removed the basin from them, and he took down the sea from off the bronze oxen that were under it and put it on a stone pedestal. And the covered way for the Sabbath that had been built inside the house and the outer entrance for the king he caused to go around the house of the LORD, because of the king of Assyria. Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah? And Ahaz slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.

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