David is Made King Over All of Israel

J B Phillips, perhaps the best known of Bible translators wrote of his experiences. He said its power overwhelmed him: “Translating the New Testament”, he said, “was like rewiring a house with the mains left on.” What a testimony to the use of the Bible! We mu … More


Many brave and experienced soldiers came to Hebron (300,000) to make David king over a once again united monarchy. Every tribe was represented, including the Levites and both halves (east and west of Jordan) of Manaseh. The decision to make David king was one of total unity. All the tribes are listed in order to show that David’s support was broad-based, a point that was not made in 2 Samuel.

It is interesting to note in Numbers 1:47-50 that God said the Levites were to be exempt from military service. The question may be, why then are they listed as part of David’s army?  It seems that they were exempt from the draft but they strongly supported David and volunteered their services to help install him as king.

The people were ready for change. They had suffered much under Saul’s leadership because of his disobedience to God (10:13). They were so happy that they celebrated the coronation of the new king with three days of joyous feasting and worship. God is the author of joy and, if we are celebrating for the right reasons, He will join us in our celebrations. It states that 200 chiefs from the tribe of Issachar “had understanding of the times” (v. 32). As a result their knowledge and judgement provided the information needed for making important decisions for the nation.    


It is important for me to know what is happening in society today in order to plan the best course of action in my life. Knowledge of current events, trends, and needs will help me to understand  peoples thoughts and attitudes. This will help me make wise decisions and make God’s message relevant for peoples lives.     

I Chronicles 12:23-40 (English Standard Version)

These are the numbers of the divisions of the armed troops who came to David in Hebron to turn the kingdom of Saul over to him, according to the word of the LORD. The men of Judah bearing shield and spear were 6,800 armed troops. Of the Simeonites, mighty men of valor for war, 7,100. Of the Levites 4,600. The prince Jehoiada, of the house of Aaron, and with him 3,700. Zadok, a young man mighty in valor, and twenty-two commanders from his own fathers' house. Of the Benjaminites, the kinsmen of Saul, 3,000, of whom the majority had to that point kept their allegiance to the house of Saul. Of the Ephraimites 20,800, mighty men of valor, famous men in their fathers' houses. Of the half-tribe of Manasseh 18,000, who were expressly named to come and make David king. Of Issachar, men who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, 200 chiefs, and all their kinsmen under their command. Of Zebulun 50,000 seasoned troops, equipped for battle with all the weapons of war, to help David with singleness of purpose. Of Naphtali 1,000 commanders with whom were 37,000 men armed with shield and spear. Of the Danites 28,600 men equipped for battle. Of Asher 40,000 seasoned troops ready for battle. Of the Reubenites and Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh from beyond the Jordan, 120,000 men armed with all the weapons of war. All these, men of war, arrayed in battle order, came to Hebron with full intent to make David king over all Israel. Likewise, all the rest of Israel were of a single mind to make David king. And they were there with David for three days, eating and drinking, for their brothers had made preparation for them. And also their relatives, from as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, came bringing food on donkeys and on camels and on mules and on oxen, abundant provisions of flour, cakes of figs, clusters of raisins, and wine and oil, oxen and sheep, for there was joy in Israel.

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