In the Spring of 1924, Jack Sundine was a four-year-old kid, standing in a line with his father inside the White House, waiting to meet President Calvin Coolidge. As they neared him, Jack noticed that he said something to each visitor as they shook hands. Soon, the thrilling mome … More
This portion of Old Testament history memorializes David’s bravest warriors and most outstanding soldiers that were the men who helped David to become King. This listing is presented as:
1. ”The three” (vv. 8-17) Ishbosheth, Eleazar and Shammah
2. ”Plus Two” (vv. 18-23) Abaishai and Benaiah. Honored but not attaining to “the three”
3. ”The thirty” (vv. 24-39) Probably very high ranking and close to David
This section has been the subject of considerable discussion and debate among historians of the Davidic monarchy. In a few brief comments we will focus on the significance of the titles “the three” and “the thirty,” and on the listing’s principles of arrangements. Both titles seem to refer to the elite troops, as distinguished from David’s regular army. As we look at some of the exploits of these men we can see they were high ranking men who were very close to David.
David never lost his desire to know and please God. He became mighty in spirit because he never wavered in his love for God. He grew close to the Lord because of his heart’s desire to spend time alone with the Lord. This is where spiritual greatness comes in any person’s life. Samuel teaches us that God isn’t looking for perfect people to serve Him, but rather for those who have a heart of love and commitment for Him and to those who are willing to present themselves and all their flaws and imperfections to Him for service. We will never get away with sin and it always has consequences but at the same time, we see that God loves to forgive and restore us to a place of service.
These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Josheb- basshebeth a Tahchemonite; he was chief of the three. He wielded his spear against eight hundred whom he killed at one time. And next to him among the three mighty men was Eleazar the son of Dodo, son of Ahohi. He was with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there for battle, and the men of Israel withdrew. He rose and struck down the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clung to the sword. And the LORD brought about a great victory that day, and the men returned after him only to strip the slain. And next to him was Shammah, the son of Agee the Hararite. The Philistines gathered together at Lehi, where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the men fled from the Philistines. But he took his stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and struck down the Philistines, and the LORD worked a great victory. And three of the thirty chief men went down and came about harvest time to David at the cave of Adullam, when a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. And David said longingly, "Oh, that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!" Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and carried and brought it to David. But he would not drink of it. He poured it out to the LORD and said, "Far be it from me, O LORD, that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood of the men who went at the risk of their lives?" Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did. Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against three hundred men and killed them and won a name beside the three. He was the most renowned of the thirty and became their commander, but he did not attain to the three. And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two ariels of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen. And he struck down an Egyptian, a handsome man. The Egyptian had a spear in his hand, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear. These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and won a name beside the three mighty men. He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard. Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, Shammah of Harod, Elika of Harod, Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh of Tekoa, Abiezer of Anathoth, Mebunnai the Hushathite, Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai of Netophah, Heleb the son of Baanah of Netophah, Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, Benaiah of Pirathon, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash, Abi-albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth of Bahurim, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite, Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai of Maacah, Eliam the son of Ahithophel of Gilo, Hezro of Carmel, Paarai the Arbite, Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai of Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, Uriah the Hittite: thirty-seven in all.
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II Samuel 20:1-26The Rebellion of Sheba
II Samuel 21:1-22David Avenges The Gibeonites
II Samuel 22:1-25David Praises God For Deliverance
II Samuel 22:26-51David’s Song of Praise
II Samuel 23:1-7David’s Last Words
II Samuel 23:8-39David’s Mighty Men
II Samuel 24:1-17David’s Census of Israel And Judah
II Samuel 24:18-25David Buys Araunah’s Threshing Floor