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Commentary » Exodus 11:1-Exodus 11:10 »

The Death of The First Born

In one of his books, A.M. Hunter, the New Testament scholar, relates the story of a dying man who asked his Christian doctor to tell him something about the place to which he was going. As the doctor fumbled for a reply, he heard a scratching at the door, and he had his answer. & … More


In this chapter we find the announcement of the tenth and final plague of the first born dying (v. 1). Moses probably had no definite idea of how many plagues there would be. God’s patience had run out and His final judgment, death to the first born, was His final plague. For years, the Jews had slaved for the Egyptians without pay; so now God permits them to ask for the jewels, silver and Gold of the Egyptians (vv. 2-3). This was to help pay for their long years of slavery. God gave them favor in the sight of the Egyptians, and they gave them what they wished.

Like plagues three, six and nine this 10th one came without warning to Pharaoh and with no opportunity to repent. In every family the firstborn son would die in the middle of the night, from the poorest servant to the royal household, even the firstborn male cattle (vv. 4-6). The firstborn of the Israelites would have died, except they were protected by the blood of the lamb (vv. 7-8). What the Lord said came true as they saw Moses and Aaron work miracles but the Lord still made the King stubbornly refuse to let the Israelites go (vv. 9-10).

Today all people are “first-born” who have not been “twice-born.” Romans 3:23 says that “All have sinned” and Romans 6:23 says “The wages of sin is death.” Then Hebrews 9:22 says that “without the shedding of blood is no remission” for our sins.


God doesn’t look down today to see if I have put blood on the doors of my house but He does look down to see if I have believed in the shed blood of His Son for my sins. That is why it is important that I have put my trust in Him?

Exodus 11:1-10 (English Standard Version)

The LORD said to Moses, "Yet one plague more I will bring upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt. Afterward he will let you go from here. When he lets you go, he will drive you away completely. Speak now in the hearing of the people, that they ask, every man of his neighbor and every woman of her neighbor, for silver and gold jewelry." And the LORD gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants and in the sight of the people. So Moses said, "Thus says the LORD: About midnight I will go out in the midst of Egypt, and every firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the slave girl who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the cattle. There shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there has never been, nor ever will be again. But not a dog shall growl against any of the people of Israel, either man or beast, that you may know that the LORD makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel. And all these your servants shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, 'Get out, you and all the people who follow you.' And after that I will go out." And he went out from Pharaoh in hot anger. Then the LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh will not listen to you, that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt." Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh, and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go out of his land.

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