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Commentary » Exodus 12:1-Exodus 12:14 »

The Passover

The Passover story is extremely familiar; you might say it is overly familiar. Did it ever occur to you that all of this didn’t just happen but because God had a plan? After the Exodus from Egypt Moses and the people were in the desert. The feeding of 2 or 3 million people requir … More


Don’t pass over the Passover. This is God’s memorial day. The Passover marks the beginning of deliverance from bondage and the beginning of the Jewish religious year (vv. 1-2). The Lord said, “When I see the blood, I will pass over you” (v.13). The sprinkled blood on the Israelites’ houses provided protection from death when God destroyed the Egyptian  firstborn. It was to be a constant reminder that God had  intervened in Egypt and had rescued Israel from the cruelty of the Egyptians. Parents were to instruct their children from generation to generation, telling them the story of redemption through the blood of the lamb. The death of the lamb marks a new beginning just as the death of Christ on the cross marks a new beginning for the believing sinner.

  1. The Lamb chosen (vv. 1-5) - Although the Passover was not celebrated until the fourteenth day, the lamb had to be observed for four days to make sure it had no blemishes. Christ also had to be observed for four days in Jerusalem prior to His crucifixion.
  2. The Lamb slain (vv. 6-7) - No atoning virtue resided in the living lamb, it had to die. In the same way we are not saved by Christ’s example or His life but by His death.
  3. The Lamb eaten (vv. 8-14) - The blood of the lamb saved the Israelites from death; but the people had to feed on the lamb to gain strength to live day by day. Salvation is just the beginning! We must feed on Christ if we are going to have the strength to follow Him.


The blood of the lamb separated Israel from the Egyptians. Jesus blood separates me from the world.

Exodus 12:1-14 (English Standard Version)

The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, "This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers' houses, a lamb for a household. And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight. "Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts. And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn. In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD's Passover. For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD. The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt. "This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations, as a statute forever, you shall keep it as a feast."

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