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Commentary » Exodus 12:37-Exodus 12:51 »

Two Million Children of Israel Leave Egypt

Harry Bollback, co-founder of Word of Life Fellowship often says it is good to remember the good hand of the Lord, and he will share a miracle story from the early days of Word of Life. He will tell about how one of the Clark sisters owned Word of Life Island and wanted to sell i … More


As the children of Israel leave Egypt they go south from Rames to Succoth (v. 37) which is along the western side of the Red Sea. It states that there were 600,000 Israelite men plus women and children. Therefore it is estimated that the entire  group must have surpassed two million. They  had  multiplied, to this number during the 430 years they had been in the land, from 70 when they entered (vv. 38-42).

In addition to the over two million Israelites there were an un-designated number of non-Israelites. This mixed multitude was probably made up of Egyptians and those from other nations who resided in Egypt. They may have come along for a variety of reasons but it seems Satan had failed to keep them from accompanying Israel to Canaan. However, it was this group, that later in the  wilderness, caused the Israelites to complain against Moses.

Further instructions were given concerning the celebration of the Passover, which was a time to remember their deliverance (vv. 43-51). Here we are told that three classes of people were forbidden from eating the Passover. First, no stranger was to eat thereof (v. 43). Second, no foreigner or hired servant should eat the Passover (v.45). Third, no un-circumcised person was to eat thereof (v. 48).


I thank God for great memories of what He has allowed us to do for His glory over the years but I’m more excited about what He wants to do in our lives now and in the days ahead should He tarry.

Exodus 12:37-51 (English Standard Version)

And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. A mixed multitude also went up with them, and very much livestock, both flocks and herds. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough that they had brought out of Egypt, for it was not leavened, because they were thrust out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves. The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years. At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. It was a night of watching by the LORD, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a night of watching kept to the LORD by all the people of Israel throughout their generations. And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it, but every slave that is bought for money may eat of it after you have circumcised him. No foreigner or hired servant may eat of it. It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and you shall not break any of its bones. All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. If a stranger shall sojourn with you and would keep the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised. Then he may come near and keep it; he shall be as a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you." All the people of Israel did just as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron. And on that very day the LORD brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

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