Exiled Jews Return to Their Homeland

On their 50th wedding anniversary, a couple summed up the reason for their long and happy marriage. The husband said, “I have tried never to be selfish. After all, there is no ’I’ in the word ‘marriage.’” The wife said, “For my part, I have … More

  1. Recognize God’s Providence - (v. 1) - This involved three deportations and three returns.
  2. Relate to God’s Precepts (vv. 2-4)
    1. His purpose (v. 2)
    2. His people (v. 3)
    3. His provision (v. 4)
  3. Respond to God’s Plan (vv. 5-11)
    1. Those who Go (v. 5)
    2. Those who Give (v. 6)
    3. Those who Guide (vv. 7-11)

Cyrus, king of Persia, not only granted permission to the Jew to return to their homeland but he makes a decree giving them the right to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem (v. 2). The basic reason for him issuing this decree was because God stirred up his spirit (v. 1). This proclamation permitted the Jews to work together to accomplish the huge task of rebuilding the temple. Some did the actual building while others operated the supply lines.

God moved on the hearts of many leaders, family heads, priests and Levites and gave them a great desire to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple. However many Jews choose to remain in Babylon rather than return to their homeland. This may have been because the journey back to Jerusalem was difficult, dangerous and expensive, lasting over four months. Travel conditions were poor, Jerusalem and the surrounding countryside were in ruins and the people living in the area were hostile.


I must never let my comfort, security, or material possessions prevent me from doing what God wants. Regardless of what I may do in life He wants me to be a witness for him.

Ezra 1:1-11 (English Standard Version)

In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: "Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: The LORD, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Whoever is among you of all his people, may his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and rebuild the house of the LORD, the God of Israel-- he is the God who is in Jerusalem. And let each survivor, in whatever place he sojourns, be assisted by the men of his place with silver and gold, with goods and with beasts, besides freewill offerings for the house of God that is in Jerusalem." Then rose up the heads of the fathers' houses of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and the Levites, everyone whose spirit God had stirred to go up to rebuild the house of the LORD that is in Jerusalem. And all who were about them aided them with vessels of silver, with gold, with goods, with beasts, and with costly wares, besides all that was freely offered. Cyrus the king also brought out the vessels of the house of the LORD that Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from Jerusalem and placed in the house of his gods. Cyrus king of Persia brought these out in the charge of Mithredath the treasurer, who counted them out to Sheshbazzar the prince of Judah. And this was the number of them: 30 basins of gold, 1,000 basins of silver, 29 censers, 30 bowls of gold, 410 bowls of silver, and 1,000 other vessels; all the vessels of gold and of silver were 5,400. All these did Sheshbazzar bring up, when the exiles were brought up from Babylonia to Jerusalem.

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