Solomon’s Political Organization

E. M. Bounds says in his classic book, The Power of Prayer: “Men are God’s method. The Church is looking for better methods; God is looking for better men...What the Church needs today is not more machinery or better, not new organizations or more and novel methods, but men … More


This chapter demonstrates the wisdom God gave Solomon to fulfill his administrative leadership of Israel. The kingdom was divided into twelve districts and each was governed by an overseer.  Solomon appointed 11 chief officials over his government. Three men, (v. 1) Azeriah, (v. 2) Zodok, and (v. 3) Abiathar were priests. Elihoreph (v. 4) and Ahijah (v. 5) were scribes or secretaries. This was a very important position as the scribes prepared royal edicts that affected trade, commerce and military alliances.


Jehosaphat was the recorder who kept all the important records of the daily affairs in the kingdom (v. 6). He had held this same position in David’s kingdom (II Sam. 8:16). Benoiah was commander in chief of the army (v. 7). He commanded both prestige and power. In the process he demonstrated unflinching power to the king. Two men are listed as sons of Nathan. One was Azariah (v. 8, who was in charge of the 12 district officers. The other, (v. 9) Zabud swerved as the King’s personal advisor.


Ahishar was in charge of the palace, perhaps overseeing the other servants and workers (v. 10).  Adoniram supervised the forced labor who were the non-Israelites living in Israel and compelled to work for the king (v. 11) (5:13, 14). Solomon made each of the 12 district governors responsible to supply provisions for his royal household and for his thousands of horses(v. 28). Each territory was responsible for provisions for one month and then they rotated. This obligation was staggering as Solomon’s provision for one day was 195 bushels of fine flour and 390 bushels of meal, 10 fat oxen, 20 pasture-fed oxen, 100 sheep and other deer and fattened fowl (I Kings 4:22-23).



Solomon was very organized as a ruler and delegated responsibilities to 12 district governors. God is not the author of confusion so I need to be organized in my life and the things I do.

I Kings 4:1-19 (English Standard Version)

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