The Good Shephard Knows His Sheep

Some of the greatest people named in the Bible were shepherds by occupation. Abel, the patriarchs, Moses, and David to name a few. Besides being the only door into the sheepfold, Christ is also the good shepherd (v. 11). He is good because He giveth his life for the benefit of the sheep (Ps 23). He is contrasting Himself to the false shepherds who were in charge of the Jewish religion of that day. The scribes were merely hirelings (hired people) who had  no true love and concern for the welfare of the sheep (vv. 12-13). In the moment of danger the hireling runs away. The Pharisees are strangers, but Christ knows His sheep (vv. 14-16). The Pharisees have no love for the sheep, but Christ gives His life for them. Christ has a relationship to the sheep similar to His relationship with His Father. Christ now states that His fold will include both Jews and Gentiles (Acts 10:28). In this passage Jesus explains four special ministries that He performs as a Good Shepherd:
  1. He dies for the sheep  (vv. 11-13). Under the old dispensation, the sheep died for the shepherd; but now the Good Shepherd dies for the sheep.
  2. He knows His sheep (vv. 14-15). He knows his sheep personally and therefore knows best how to minister to them.
  3. He brings other sheep into the flock (v.16). This refers to the Gentiles as well as the Jews.
  4. He takes up His life again (vv. 17-18). His voluntary death was followed by His  resurrection.

Since Christ is “the Door,” we would expect a division. The Jews were divided according to their opinion (vv. 19-21). Some thought Jesus was mad and demon-possessed, while others were impressed by His miracle on behalf of the blind man.



Just think about the fact that Jesus knows everything about me! Is there anything that I wish He didn’t know? Am I ready to respond to His voice in every area of my life?

John 10:14-21 (English Standard Version)

Warning: MagpieRSS: Failed to parse RSS file. (EntityRef: expecting ';' at line 49, column 103) in /var/www/html/familytimes/includes/magpie6-1/ on line 230

Warning: array_slice() expects parameter 1 to be array, null given in /var/www/html/familytimes/includes/rss/esvLookup.php on line 15

View this passage in NIV (Bible Gateway) »

More John commentaries

John 7:1-14
The Advice of Jesus’ Brothers

John 7:15-24
Judge Rightly

John 7:25-29
Jesus Origin

John 7:30-36
Blinded to The Truth

John 7:37-53
Divided Opinions About Jesus

John 8:1-7
Pharisees Condemn The Adulterous Woman

John 8:8-11
Jesus Forgives The Adulterous Women

John 8:12-20
Jesus is The Light of The World

John 8:21-30
Jesus Predicts His Death

John 8:31-38
The Truth Will Set You Free

John 8:39-47
You Are of Your Father The Devil

John 8:48-59
Jesus’ Claims To His Identity

John 9:1-12
Contentment in Any Circumstance

John 9:13-23
Trouble with the Jewish Leaders

John 9:24-34
The Testimony of the Healed Man

John 9:35-41
The Pharisees Blindless

John 10:1-13
The True Shepherd

John 10:14-21
The Good Shephard Knows His Sheep

John 10:22-30
Rejected by the Religious Leaders

John 10:31-42
Renewed Efforts to Stone Jesus

John 11:1-6
News of Lazarus’ Death

John 11:7-16
The Disciples Warn Jesus About Going to Judea

John 11:17-27
Jesus Arrives at Mary and Martha’s House

John 11:28-37
Emotions of Jesus

John 11:38-44
Jesus Calls Lazarus Forth From the Grave

John 11:45-57
Jesus Withdraws to Ephraim

John 12:1-11
Mary Anoints Jesus’ Feet

John 12:12-19
Jesus’ Triumphal Entry Into Jerusalem

John 12:20-26
Some Greeks Seek Jesus

John 12:27-36
Jesus Predicts His Death

John 12:37-50
Hardened Hearts and the Fear of Man

John 13:1-11
Humbleness, Holiness and Happiness

John 13:12-20
Happiness Comes by Serving Others

John 13:21-30
Jesus Prediction of His Betrayal

John 13:31-38
Christ’s Farewell Sermon to His Disciples