Job is Chastened by God

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All three of Job’s friends made the mistake of assuming that Job had committed a great sin that was causing his suffering. Neither they, nor Job, knew of Satan’s conversation with God (Job 1:6). Eliphaz spoke of Job as a fool who had begun to prosper, but was cursed by God, and because of it lost his children and his wealth (vv. 1-8). He advised Job to appeal to God because:

  1. He is majestic and powerful (v. 9).
  2. He is benevolent, sending rain for the crops (v. 10).
  3. He encourages by helping the sorrowing (v. 11).
  4. He frustrates the crafty (vv. 12-14).
  5. He delivers the needy and poor (vv. 15-16).

He believed that Job should trust God’s mercy and not keep insisting on his innocence. Eliphaz suggested that God has brought these troubles into Job’s life as a form of discipline in order to get him to repent. Therefore, his suffering should be a cause for happiness, because it will lead to restoration (vv. 17-27). Eliphaz was correct that it is a blessing to be disciplined by God when we do wrong. However, Eliphaz’ advice did not apply to Job. We know this because of having been let in on the secret of God’s challenge to Satan. He closed by asking Job to admit that what he has said is true and for his good. He has said much that is true, but he has not been of much help to Job.

This concludes the first speech of Eliphaz. It has not met the need of Job. It hasn’t even touched him at all. As a matter of fact, Job is dismayed; he is alarmed and he cries out for pity and for help because Eliphaz was of no help to him at all.


I need to be careful in assuming that I am right about my evaluation of others and falsely accuse them.

Job 5:1-27 (English Standard Version)

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