The Genealogy of The Messiah

Many people take up the hobby of tracing their ancestors because they are curious about where they came from. I once had a secretary who spent a lot of time going to graveyards checking grave stones and looking up the genealogy of her ancestors. It has been said that the average … More

Genealogy

By tracing Jesus’ ancestry back to King David, through the line of Davidic kings, Matthew connects Jesus with his royal heritage (vv. 1-17). Jesus is thus the fulfillment of God’s promise to raise up a king through David’s line. The genealogy in this passage is traced through Joseph, Jesus’ legal (not natural) father. This genealogy traces Jesus’ right to the throne of David, which came through Solomon and his descendants (v. 6). Despite six centuries of vacancy on the royal throne, the Messiah must be of royal descent. Matthew presents Jesus as both Israel’s rightful ruler and as one identified fully with His people.

The genealogy in (Luke 3:23-38) is that of Mary, his natural parent, showing his blood line back to David. Luke’s genealogy makes it clear that Jesus was a physical descendant of David through another son named Nathan (Luke 3:31). It shows that the messianic promises made to David’s line are fulfilled in Jesus, son of Abraham.

Fourteen generations is given by Matthew to emphasize the three major periods of Israel’s national history: theocracy, monarchy, hierarchy. Matthew’s genealogy answered the important question a Jew would probably ask about anyone who claimed to be King of the Jews. Is He a descendant of David through the rightful line of succession? As you can see Matthew’s answer was a dogmatic yes!

Application

How well do you know your genealogy? What kind of people were your ancestors? What has been passed on to you spiritually from your forebears? It has been my desire to pass on to my children the great Spiritual heritage given to me and my wife through our parents. Then it is our hope that we will be able to see this heritage passed on to our children and grandchildren.

Matthew 1:1-17 (English Standard Version)

The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers, and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram, and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon, and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse, and Jesse the father of David the king. And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah, and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph, and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah, and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah, and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos, and Amos the father of Josiah, and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon. And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor, and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud, and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ. So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations.

View this passage in NIV (Bible Gateway) »