The Second Decree to Protect The Jews Was Given

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Despite Haman’s death and Mordecai’s promotion, the Jews were still doomed to destruction by a decree that could not be reversed by the king. It was decided that a second unalterable decree had to be issued to overcome the effectiveness of the first decree. This second decree gave permission to the Jews to fight for their lives and to defend their property, possessions, and people (v. 11). To emphasize the urgency of this decree it was sent out through the fastest means of transportation possible (v. 10).

This decree stated that the Jews in every city and province could defend themselves and destroy any army that attacks them (vv. 11-13). Mordecai wore clothes fit for a king, and the people cheered (vv. 14-16). As a result of this strange turn of events, many people became Jewish protectors, and the Jews gained great respect throughout the kingdom (v. 17). We can see here an illustration of how God solved the sinner’s plight. We were under condemnation because of the law of sin and death (Rom. 3:23: 6:23). God did not revoke that law; He obeyed it by sending His Son to die for our sins (John 3:16).

Under the edict of Mordecai, the city of Susa held a celebration. Obviously, the Jews were elated. This sudden rise of power caused many Gentiles to become Jewish proselytes. God’s good hand was becoming obvious to the whole world. No longer were these events viewed simply as another happening, but the people were beginning to realize that the God of the Jews was protecting them (vv. 15-17).


The king could not wipe out the consequences of his foolish decree, but he tried to counteract it. Neither can I wipe out the consequences of my sin, but I can do much to counteract its sinful effect.

Esther 8:10-17 (English Standard Version)

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