The Second Decree to Protect The Jews Was Given

A Lexington, Ky., woman received a $5.00 traffic ticket charging her with running a stop sign. Simple enough. But not to her lawyer. It seems that she was en route to vote when she was stopped by the law. And section 149 of the Kentucky constitution says: AVoters, in all cases ex … More


In spite of Haman’s death and Mordecai’s promotion, the Jews were still doomed to destruction by a decree that could not even be reversed by the king. It was decided that a second unalterable decree had to be issued to overcome the effectiveness of the first decree. This second decree gave permission to the Jews to fight for their lives and to defend their property, possessions and people (v. 11). To emphasize the urgency of this decree it was sent out through the fastest means of transportation possible (v. 10).

This decree stated that the Jews in every city and province could defend themselves and destroy any army that attacks them (vv. 11-13). Mordecai wore clothes fit for a king and the people cheered (vv. 14=16). As a result of this strange turn of events, many people became Jewish protectors and the Jews gained great respect throughout the kingdom (v. 17). We can see here an illustration of how God solved the sinner’s plight. We were under condemnation because of the law of sin and death (Rom. 3:23: 6:23). God did not revoke that law; He obeyed it by sending His Son to die for our sins (John 3:16).

Under the edict of Mordecai the city of Susa held a joyous celebration and obviously the Jews were elated. This sudden rise of power caused many Gentiles to become Jewish proselytes. God’s good hand was becoming obvious to the whole world. No longer were these events viewed simply as another happening, but the people were beginning to realize that the God of the Jews was protecting them (vv. 15-17).


The king could not wipe out the consequences of his foolish decree but he tried to counteract it. Neither can I wipe out the consequences of my sin but I can do much to counteract its sinful effect.

Esther 8:10-17 (English Standard Version)

And he wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed it with the king's signet ring. Then he sent the letters by mounted couriers riding on swift horses that were used in the king's service, bred from the royal stud, saying that the king allowed the Jews who were in every city to gather and defend their lives, to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate any armed force of any people or province that might attack them, children and women included, and to plunder their goods, on one day throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar. A copy of what was written was to be issued as a decree in every province, being publicly displayed to all peoples, and the Jews were to be ready on that day to take vengeance on their enemies. So the couriers, mounted on their swift horses that were used in the king's service, rode out hurriedly, urged by the king's command. And the decree was issued in Susa the citadel. Then Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal robes of blue and white, with a great golden crown and a robe of fine linen and purple, and the city of Susa shouted and rejoiced. The Jews had light and gladness and joy and honor. And in every province and in every city, wherever the king's command and his edict reached, there was gladness and joy among the Jews, a feast and a holiday. And many from the peoples of the country declared themselves Jews, for fear of the Jews had fallen on them.

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