The People of Israel Will be Brought Back

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The text begins in this passage by focusing on the puffed-up minds of men (v. 25). It ends with Paul falling before God in praise, based upon the infinite and unfathomable wisdom of God (vv. 33-36). These words are a most appropriate conclusion. They conclude not only the argument of chapter 11, and of chapters 9-11, but also the entire argument of chapters 1-11.

Paul challenges those Gentiles inclined toward arrogance to compare their ignorance with God’s wisdom (vv. 34-35). These words could be used to rebuke prideful men, but they are employed in worship instead. Men worships God because He is infinitely greater, wiser, and more gracious than men. Seeing ourselves in the light of who God is humbles us. Seeing God in the light of who and what we are necessitates our praise and worship. Paul’s words of praise are borrowed. The expressions of verse 34 come from Isaiah 40 which deals with the salvation of Israel from her sins. It does not speak of Israel’s salvation in a way that would flatter this rebellious people or incite them to pride. Nevertheless, much of its thrust is against the arrogance of the Gentiles, who prevail for a time over God’s people and who begin to be puffed up with pride, not understanding God’s purposes, nor that He has used them to accomplish His purposes. In this passage Paul shows how the Jews and the Gentiles benefit each other. Whenever God shows mercy to one group, the other shares the blessing. Maybe you have heard it put this way: it rains on both the just and the unjust.


God is sovereign and in control of history. He is the source, the means, and the goal of all things. This means He is “the author and the finisher of my faith” (Hebrews 12:2). It means He is the One who began the good work in me, and He is the One who will also complete it (Philippians 1:6). 

Romans 11:25-36 (English Standard Version)

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